Getting pregnant makes you feel happy. Sometimes, however, the pregnancy does not go as planned. This is called an ectopic pregnancy. The fertilized egg becomes a baby when you become pregnant. It receives nourishment from the placenta.
A healthy pregnancy requires that the baby survives in the uterus. Sometimes, however, the fertilized egg can be implanted outside of the uterus. This is called ectopic pregnancy. This is life-threatening for the mother. It must be ended. You should consult a healthcare provider if you experience any signs of an ectopic pregnancy. A gynecologist can provide an expert opinion.
We will discuss the signs, symptoms, causes, treatment, and risk factors of ectopic pregnancy in this article.
What is an Ectopic Pregnancy?
If left untreated, ectopic pregnancy can lead to serious complications. Although rare, ectopic pregnancies are common and can lead to severe emotional and physical distress.
Definition of Ectopic Pregnancy
Normal fertilization occurs in the largest section of the fallopian tubes. The fertilized egg travels to the uterus, where it is implanted into the uterine wall. An ectopic pregnancy is one that happens outside of the uterus. This happens when an egg becomes stuck and begins to grow inside the tube. This is also called tubal pregnancy.
Tubal pregnancy is caused by problems with the transport of fertilized eggs through the tube. The cilia, which are hair-like structures that line fallopian tubes, help the egg move through. Tubal pregnancies can be caused by a decrease in the number or speed of cilia. Tubal tissue scarring, or certain drugs can cause cilia degeneration.
Risk Factors Of Ectopic Pregnancy
Risk factors include:
Inflammation of the fallopian tubes, salpingitis or infected of the pelvic organs; pelvic inflammation disease. These infections are often caused by chlamydia or gonorrhea.
Use an intrauterine device (IUD)
Tubal ligation, tubal reverse and dilation are all intrauterine procedures.
Birth defects and previous ectopic pregnancies caused abnormal fallopian tubes
Certain fertility drugs may be exposed
Mothers who gave birth to daughters who took synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol in pregnancy
Signs and Symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancy can feel normal or have no symptoms. A positive pregnancy test for HCG will usually show clinical signs within four weeks. They can cause abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding or both. You may also experience shoulder pain. Heavy bleeding, fainting, shock, and even death can all be expected if the fallopian tube bursts. This is a serious medical emergency that requires immediate attention.
Diagnosis of Ectopic Pregnancy
The most common method of diagnosing ectopic pregnancy is to use blood tests for HCG or transvaginal ultrasound. Although it can be difficult to diagnose ectopic pregnancies, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Early detection and treatment are crucial to the safety of the mother.
Treatment for Ectopic Pregnancy
Methotrexate can be injected to dissolve pregnancy tissue if the ectopic pregnancy has been detected early. Keyhole surgery can be performed in other situations. Emergency open surgery may be required if the fallopian tube ruptures. The tube that has ruptured is usually removed. The HCG levels are checked after treatment to make sure that all ectopic tissue is removed. A high HCG level would need further treatment.
Ectopic pregnancy can be stressful and difficult. However, support is available and you can get follow-up care. Women who have had an ectopic baby can heal both physically and emotionally with the right medical attention. Talking to a doctor is important as it will help you to identify any issues or concerns that might arise following the procedure. Also, how to prevent an ectopic birth in the future. Women can feel hopeful and positive if they receive the right care.
Ectopic pregnancy should not be taken lightly as it can prove fatal for the mother. You should immediately visit the hospital if you experience any of these symptoms. A gynecologist can be consulted in Islamabad to get an expert opinion.